Science

A high-quality science education provides the foundations for understanding the world through the specific disciplines of biology, chemistry and physics. Science has changed our lives and is vital to the world’s future prosperity and all pupils should be taught essential aspects of the knowledge, methods, processes and uses of science.

Science is a vital part of the curriculum, fundamental to every child’s understanding of the world around them. At St. Andrew’s we follow the National Curriculum and teach the required knowledge alongside the key skills of working scientifically. Wherever possible, the teaching of science utilises the resources in the local environment and the natural world. Links are made between the science curriculum and other subjects within the curriculum.

In the Early Years Foundation Stage, Science is covered in the ‘Understanding the World’ area of the EYFS curriculum. It is introduced through activities that encourage your child to explore, problem solve, observe, predict, think, make decisions and talk about the world around them. In key stage 1, pupils develop their scientific understanding through experiencing and observing phenomena and events. They are encouraged to ask questions and challenge what they notice. This includes exploring what plants need to grow and how trees within the local area change over the year to explore the concept of change over the seasons. Entering into lower key stage 2, children begin to broaden their scientific view of the world around them through testing and developing ideas about nature and the relationship between living things and the environment, such as questioning how rocks are formed and investigating how changing environments can affect habitats. By this stage, pupils set up practical enquiries, considering comparative fair testing and using scientific evidence to support their findings. By upper key stage 2, the focus is on a deeper understanding of a wide range of scientific ideas and recognising how more abstract ideas change and develop over time, such as changes within ecosystems, animal development and how humans change due to evolution and inheritance. By this point, children are using a range of scientific data and observational evidence to justify their findings.